Cyber Espionage

Cyber espionage is a form of cyber attack that steals classified, sensitive data or intellectual property to gain an advantage over a competitive company or government entity.
This type of cyber 'spying' is constantly evolving in both hostility and complexity. Some methods of theft employed by cyber espionage include: social engineering attacks, spear phishing, malware distribution, advanced persistent threat (APT), and watering hole attacks.

In order to prevent cyber espionage taking place, business and individuals should:
- Monitor access to sensitive data - often, data is easily available and accessible to all network users. Reviewing the policies and determining who needs access to what information is the first step in protecting sensitive data.
- Configure firewalls and alerts to recognize normal behavior within an organization, and set up alerts for unusual behavior.
- Protect critical infrastructures - for example, by creating multiple networks, and monitoring which users have permissions or access to which sections.

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