ReasonLabs Cyberpedia
Discover the fundamental cybersecurity concepts, terms and topics affecting consumers today in ReasonLabs’ Cyberpedia


Indicator of Attack (IoA)

An Indicator of Attack (IoA) is a proactive approach that aims to detect a cyber criminals intentions, regardless of what virus or malware they may be using. Within this arm of cybersecurity, it's the series of events leading up to an attack that are the focus.

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Indicator of Compromise (IoC)

An Indicator of Compromise (IOC) is cybersecurity's reactive forensic-driven response to a cyber attack. It is the clue on a computer that indicates that there has been a breach - either on the device itself, or across the whole network.

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An infostealer (or 'information stealer') is a type of Trojan, which often targets high value information. The most common infostealer is designed to gather information, such as usernames, passwords, online banking credentials, and crypto wallet data, from a compromised system. It will then send this stolen information to another system, either via email or over a network.

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Internet of Things (IoT)

The term 'Internet of Things' refers to everything connected to the internet - there are now billions of physical devices around the world that are connected to the internet, all collecting and sharing data, and communicating with one another.

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Intrusion Detection System (IDS)

Intrusion Detection System (IDS) is network security technology designed to detect vulnerability exploits. IDS detects but doesn't prevent - it monitors all inbound and outbound traffic on a device, searching for suspicious patterns of behavior that may indicate signs of a security breach.

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IP Address

IP stands for 'Internet Protocol'. An IP address is the identifier that allows information to be sent between devices on a network. IP addresses contain location information and make devices accessible for communication. The internet needs a way to differentiate between different computers, routers, and websites. IP addresses provide a way of doing so and form an essential part of how the internet works.

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