ReasonLabs Cyberpedia
Discover the fundamental cybersecurity concepts, terms and topics affecting consumers today in ReasonLabs’ Cyberpedia


RATs (Remote Access Trojans)

A Remote Access Trojan (RAT) is a type of malware that tries to gain full access over a user’s system, including mouse and keyboard control, and files and network access - in order to silently browse all applications and files. Once the threat actor has control over the device, they will also be able to bypass security measures such as firewalls and intrusion detection systems.

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Ransomware is a type of malware attack that encrypts a victim’s data until a payment is made to the attacker. If the ransom payment is not made, the malicious actor publishes the data on data leak sites (DLS) or blocks access to the files in perpetuity.

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Rootkits are yet another type of malware designed to remotely control your computer, all the while evading detection - with the aim of stealing passwords, data, or credit card and online banking information. Rootkits can also aid hackers in subverting or disabling security software, and may contain keylogger software as well. Sometimes the only way to completely destroy a rootkit is to erase your computer’s operating system(OS), and rebuild it from scratch.

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