What are Securities Frauds? Types of Financial Frauds to be Aware of

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Financial fraud through digital means has become increasingly sophisticated in today’s digital age, posing significant threats to individuals, businesses, and financial institutions. Security fraud, encompassing various types of financial scams, has become a pervasive concern. This blog aims to shed light on what security fraud is and the different types of financial frauds, including bank fraud, payment fraud, and investment fraud, that individuals need to be vigilant about.


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Understanding securities fraud: What is security fraud?

Security fraud, broadly speaking, involves deceptive practices that manipulate individuals or entities into parting with their money, assets, or sensitive information. Perpetrators of security fraud often disguise their schemes, making it crucial for individuals to be well-informed and cautious in their financial dealings.

Bank fraud examples

Bank fraud involves unauthorized or deceptive activities conducted to obtain money, assets, or property owned or held by a financial institution. Common bank frauds include:

  • Identity theft: Criminals steal personal information to access bank accounts.
  • Check fraud: Forging or altering checks to access funds illegally.
  • Account takeover: Gaining unauthorized access to someone else's bank account.

Recent examples of high-profile bank fraud cases include the Wirecard scandal from 2019-20, and the Danske Bank money laundering case.

Types of payment fraud

Payment fraud occurs when fraudulent transactions are made using someone else's payment information. Examples of payment fraud include:

  • Credit card fraud: Unauthorized use of credit card information for unauthorized purchases.
  • Phishing scams: Fraudsters trick individuals into revealing their payment details through deceptive emails or websites.
  • Skimming: Criminals use devices to capture payment card information during transactions.


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Possible investment frauds

Investment fraud involves deceptive practices in the financial markets or with investment products, leading to financial losses for investors. Common investment frauds include:

  • Ponzi schemes: Fraudsters use funds from new investors to pay returns to earlier investors, creating a false sense of profit.
  • Stock market manipulation: Also known as ‘insider trading’, this involves illegally inflating or deflating the price of a stock for financial gain. Employees or executives use non-public information to trade stocks or securities for personal gain. This is illegal and undermines fair market practices.
  • Advance fee fraud: Promising high returns in exchange for upfront fees but delivering no actual investment.

Business frauds examples

Business fraud can take various forms, targeting different aspects of an organization's operations. Here are some business fraud examples:

  • Embezzlement: An employee entrusted with managing finances diverts funds for personal use, such as siphoning off company funds, altering financial records, or creating fake employees or vendors to funnel money.
  • Financial statement fraud: Manipulating financial statements to deceive investors, creditors, or other stakeholders. This can include inflating revenues, understating expenses, or misrepresenting assets and liabilities.
  • Inventory fraud: Misreporting the quantity, value, or existence of inventory. This can involve theft of inventory, false reporting of inventory levels, or inflating the value of inventory.
  • Kickbacks and bribes: Employees or business partners receive kickbacks or bribes for making favorable business decisions. This can involve awarding contracts, securing business deals, or influencing purchasing decisions.
  • Contract and procurement fraud: Rigging the bidding process, submitting false invoices, or inflating costs in contract agreements. This type of fraud can occur in both public and private procurement processes.
  • Identity theft and employee fraud: Employees may engage in identity theft to defraud the company or its clients. This can involve using company information for personal gain or exploiting customer data.
  • False advertising: Misleading customers through false or deceptive advertising practices, such as making false claims about product features, benefits, or performance.
  • Cyber fraud: Committing fraud through online channels, including phishing scams, ransomware attacks, or other forms of cybercrime that target a company's assets or sensitive information.
  • Customer or vendor fraud: Creating fake customers or vendors to generate false sales or inflate expenses. This can involve colluding with external parties to create fraudulent transactions.
  • Shell company schemes: Creating fictitious companies or shell entities to engage in fraudulent transactions, inflate revenues, or facilitate money laundering.
  • Payroll fraud: Manipulating payroll systems to create fake employees, alter salary figures, or misrepresent overtime hours to embezzle funds.
  • Tax evasion: Intentionally underreporting income, inflating expenses, or engaging in other fraudulent activities to evade taxes.

What are loan frauds?

Loan fraud, also known as mortgage fraud or loan application fraud, occurs when someone provides false information or withholds crucial details during the loan application process with the intention of deceiving the lender. This fraudulent activity can happen in various types of loans, including mortgages, personal loans, car loans, or business loans. Loan fraud can involve individuals, organized crime rings, or even professionals within the lending industry. Some common forms of loan fraud include income fraud, employment fraud, identity theft and equity skimming.

Loan fraud not only harms lenders but can also lead to severe consequences for borrowers, including legal actions, damaged credit scores, and financial instability. To prevent loan fraud, lenders employ strict verification processes, and borrowers are advised to provide accurate, truthful information during loan applications. Additionally, being cautious, conducting thorough research, and consulting financial professionals can help individuals avoid falling victim to loan fraud schemes.


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Protecting yourself from different types of financial fraud

  • Educate yourself: Stay informed about common fraud schemes and recognize warning signs.
  • Verify requests: Always verify requests for sensitive information, especially unsolicited ones.
  • Use secure channels: Only use secure and reputable payment methods and websites for financial transactions.
  • Monitor your accounts: Regularly monitor your bank and credit card statements for any unauthorized transactions.
  • Be skeptical: Be cautious of too-good-to-be-true offers and high-pressure sales tactics.
  • Report suspicious activities: Report any suspicious financial activities to your bank, credit card company, or law enforcement agencies.

In a world where financial frauds are becoming increasingly sophisticated, knowledge and vigilance are your best defenses. For businesses, preventing and detecting business fraud requires robust internal controls, ethical business practices, and ongoing monitoring of financial activities. Companies should establish clear policies, encourage whistleblowing, and conduct regular audits to identify and address fraudulent activities. By understanding the different types of financial fraud and implementing proactive measures, you can protect yourself and your finances from falling victim to security fraud. Stay informed, stay cautious, and empower yourself against deceptive financial practices.

Defense against security frauds using RAV Online Security

To protect against the different types of financial fraud discussed above, it is highly recommended to employ an online identity protection service, such as the Online Security browser extension from ReasonLabs. The Online Security extension utilizes prominent features to help protect against identity theft, which in turn can help defend against security fraud.

URL Blocking

URL blocking is a crucial cybersecurity measure that helps protect against fraud by preventing users from accessing malicious or fraudulent websites. Phishing websites are designed to mimic legitimate websites to trick users into divulging sensitive information such as login credentials, credit card numbers, or social security numbers.

URL blocking prevents users from accessing these deceptive sites, thereby reducing the risk of falling victim to phishing scams. Blocking malicious websites also blocks malware distribution, as these sites often host malware disguised as legitimate software downloads or plugins. URL blocking can also protect against tech support scams that arise from engaging with pop-ups and chatbots from malicious sites, as well as identifying fake online stores that can enact financial fraud and steal customer payment information.

Downloads scanning

‘Downloads scanning’ involves inspecting files or software downloads for malicious code or malware before they are allowed to be downloaded or executed on a user's device. Download scanning tools examine files to detect patterns and behaviors associated with known malware or malicious code. By identifying these threats, download scanning prevents users from downloading files that may contain harmful software.

Additionally, phishing websites often host malicious downloads, such as fake software updates or attachments containing malware. Download scanning tools can detect and block these downloads, preventing users from falling victim to phishing scams that can lead to identity theft or financial fraud. Download scanning tools also verify the integrity of files to ensure they have not been tampered with during transmission. This helps users download authentic and unmodified files, reducing the risk of downloading compromised software or data.

Dark Web Monitoring

The Online Security extension’s Dark Web Monitoring tool acts as a warning system to constantly scan underground marketplaces, forums, and websites where stolen data is traded. By identifying compromised credentials or financial information, individuals and organizations can take immediate action, such as changing passwords or notifying affected parties. Dark web monitoring services also keep an eye on your credentials by detecting compromised usernames, passwords, and other login details. If your credentials are detected on the dark web, you are promptly alerted, allowing you to change passwords before fraudsters can exploit them.

By proactively monitoring the dark web for signs of planned financial fraud or scams, and by implementing these cybersecurity measures, individuals and organizations can take preventive measures against security fraud, such as informing financial institutions, law enforcement, or regulatory authorities. This will significantly reduce their vulnerability to online fraud and enhance their overall cybersecurity posture. For more information on RAV Online Security, visit https://reasonlabs.com/platform/products/online-security.


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